faculty listing

Photo of  Zygmunt Kowalik

Contact Information

Institute of Marine Science
118 O'Neill
P.O. Box 757220
University of Alaska Fairbanks
Fairbanks, AK 99775-7220
Phone: (907) 474-7753
Fax: (907) 474-7204

Zygmunt Kowalik Professor Emeritus

Physical Oceanography


  • numerical modeling
  • tides in the Arctic Ocean, Bering Sea, and Okhotsk Sea
  • storm surges and currents in the Arctic Ocean, Baltic Sea, Bering Sea, and North Pacific
  • Tsunamis in the North Pacific



Course outlines

Workbook on numerical modeling

Introduction to Numerical Modeling of Tsunami Waves

Reprints available for download (PDF)

The Oceanography of Tides

Selected Publications


Kowalik, Z. and T. S. Murty, 1993. Numerical modeling of ocean dynamics, World Scientific Publ., 481 pp.

Articles - Tsunami

Horrillo J., W. Knight, and Z. Kowalik, 2012. Tsunami Propagation over the North Pacific: dispersive and nondispersive models, Science of Tsunami Hazards, v.31, N.3, 154-177, ISSN 8755‑6839. Download 7.8MB PDF.

Yamazaki, Y., Z. Kowalik and K. F. Cheung (2010) Depth-integrated, non‑hydrostatic model with grid nesting for tsunami generation, propagation, and run‑up. Int. J. Numer. Meth. Fluids, DOI: 10.1002/fld.2485 Download 3MB PDF.

Kowalik Z. and A. Proshutinsky (2010) Tsunami tide interactions: A Cook Inlet case study. Continental Shelf Research 30, 633‑642. Download 2MB PDF.

Yamazaki, Y., Z. Kowalik and K. F. Cheung (2008) Depth-integrated, non-hydrostatic model for wave breaking and run-up. Int. J. Numer. Meth. Fluids, DOI: 10.1002/fld.1952. Download 633KB PDF.

Kowalik, Z. (2008) Energy Flux as a tool in locating tsunami secondary sources. Science of Tsunami Hazards, v. 27, N.3, 1-29. Download 1.25MB PDF.

Kowalik, Z., J. Horrillo, W. Knight, and T. Logan (2008), Kuril Islands tsunami of November 2006: 1. Impact at Crescent City by distant scattering. J. Geoph. Res., 113, C01020, doi:10.1029/2007JC004402. Part A: Download pages 1-4; 3.4 MB PDF Part B: Download pages 5-11; 908 KB PDF.

Horrillo, J., Knight, W., and Z. Kowalik. The Kuril Islands Tsunami of November 2006. Part II: Impact at Crescent City by local amplification. Submitted to J. Geoph. Res. Download 900 KB PDF.

Kowalik, Z., Knight, W., Logan, T., and P. Whitmore, 2006. The Tsunami of 26 December, 2004: Numerical Modeling and Energy Considerations. Pure and Applied Geophysics, 164, 1-15. Download 4.15 MB PDF.

Kowalik, Z., Proshutinsky, T., and A. Proshutinsky, 2006. Tide-Tsunami Interactions. Science of Tsunami Hazards, 24(4), 242. Download 540 KB PDF.

Beget, J. E. and Z. Kowalik, 2006. Confirmation and Calibration of Computer Modeling of Tsunamis Produced by Augustine Volcano, Alaska. Science of Tsunami Hazards, 24(4), 257. Download 700 KB PDF.

Horrillo, J., Z. Kowalik, and Y. Shigihara, 2006 . Wave Dispersion Study in the Indian Ocean—Tsunami of December 26, 2004. Marine Geodesy., 29: 149-166. Download 3.3 MB PDF.

Kowalik, Z., W. Knight, T. Logan, and P. Whitmore, 2005. Numerical Modeling of the Global Tsunami: Indonesian Tsunami of 26 December 2004. Science of Tsunami Hazards, 23 (1), 40- 56. Download 1.12 MB PDF.

Kowalik, Z., Knight, W. Logan, T. and P. Whitmore, 2005. The tsunami of 26 December 2004: Numerical Modeling and energy considerations, Proceedings of the International Tsunami Symposium, Eds.: G.A. Papadopoulos and K. Satake, Chania, Greece, 27-29 June, 2005, 140-150. Download 786 KB PDF.

Kowalik, Z., 2003. Basic relations between tsunamis calculation and their physics-II, Science of Tsunami Hazards, 21(3), 154-173. Download 448 KB PDF.

Kowalik, Z. 1997. Landslide-generated tsunami in Skagway, Alaska. Science of Tsunami Hazards, 15(2), 89--106.

Kowalik, Z. and T.S. Murty. 1993. Numerical simulation of two-dimensional tsunami runup. Marine Geodesy, 16, 87--100. Download 2.15 MB PDF.

Kowalik, Z., and P. M. Whitmore. 1991. An investigation of two tsunamis recorded at Adak, Alaska. Science of Tsunami Hazards, 9(2), 67-83.

Kowalik, Z., and T.S. Murty. 1987. Influence of the Size, Shape, and Orientation of the Earthquake Source Area in the Shumagin Seismic Gap on the Resulting Tsunami. J. Phys. Oc. 17(7), 1057-1062. Download 2.11 MB PDF.

Kowalik, Z., J. Keinle and T.S. Murty. 1987. Tsunamis Generated by Eruptions from Mount St. Augustine Volcano, Alaska. Science. 236: 1401-1492. Download 2.78 MB PDF.

Kowalik, Z., and T.S. Murty. 1984. Computation of Tsunami Amplitudes Resulting from a Predicted Major Earthquake In the Shumagin Seismic Gap. Geophys. Res., 11(12), 1243-1246. Download 1.27 MB PDF.

Articles - Tides

Kowalik, Z. (2005) Tides. In: Encyclopedia of the Arctic, M. Nuttall, Editor, Routledge, 2027-2029. Download 20KB PDF.

Danielson, S., Z. Kowalik, 2005. Tidal Currents in the St. Lawrence Island region. J. Geophys. Res., 110 (C10), C10004, 10.1029/2004JC002463. Download 1.4 MB PDF.

Kowalik, Z. 2004. Tide distribution and tapping into tidal energy, Oceanologia, 46(3), 291-333. Download 3.8 MB PDF.

Kowalik, Z. and A. V. Marchenko, 2002. Tidal motion enhancement around islands, Journal of Marine Research, 60, 551–581. Download 1.3 MB PDF.

Kowalik, Z. 1999. Bering Sea Tides. in The Bering Sea: Physical, Chemical and Biological Dynamics, T. R. Loughlin and K. Ohtani, Editors, Alaska Sea Grant Press, Fairbanks, AK, 93–127.

Kowalik, Z. and I. Polyakov. 1998. Tides in the Sea of Okhotsk. Journal of Physical Oceanography, v.28, n.7, 1389–1409. Download 492KB PDF.

Z. Kowalik and A. Yu. Proshutinsky, 1995. Topographic enhancement of tidal motion in the western Barents Sea, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 2613--2637.

Kowalik, Z., 1994. Modeling of topographically-amplified diurnal tides in the Nordic Seas, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 24(8), 1717--1731.

Z. Kowalik and A. Yu. Proshutinsky, 1994. The Arctic Ocean Tides, In: The Polar Oceans and Their Role in Shaping the Global Environment: Nansen Centennial Volume, Geoph. Monograph 85, AGU, 137--158.

Kowalik Z. and A. Proshutinsky, 1993. Diurnal Tides in the Arctic Ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 98, C9, 16,449-16,468. Download 1.5MB PDF.

Articles-Ocean Dynamics

Kowalik, Z. and P. Stabeno. 1999. Trapped motion around Pribilof Islands in the Bering Sea, J. Geophys. Res., 104, No, CII, 25,667-25,684. Download 1.1MB PDF.

Kowalik Z. 1984. Storm Surges in the Beaufort and Chukchi Seas, J. Geophys. Res., 89, No. C6, 10,570-10,578. Download 770 KB PDF

Johnson W. R. and Z. Kowalik 1986. Modeling of Storm Surges in the Bering Sea and Norton Sound, J. Geophys. Res., 91, No. C4, 5119-1528. Download 790 KB PDF

Kowalik Z. and S. Taranowska. 1967. Horizontal Large-Scale Turbulence in the Baltic Sea. Cahiers Oceanographique, XIX, 4, 295 - 309. Download 3MB PDF